Examining the Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version of the Parent School Climate Survey and Measuring of Parents’ Perceptions of School Climate by Gender

Article Turkish OPEN
Bugay, Aslı ; Avcı, Dilek ; Özdemir, Selçuk (2018)
  • Publisher: Sinan OLKUN
  • Journal: (issn: 1305-3515, eissn: 1305-3515)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.17051/ilkonline.2018.413743
  • Subject: Parent school climate survey,confirmatory factor analysis,reliability | Ebeveyn okul iklimi ölçeği,doğrulayıcı faktör analizi,güvenirlik

The studyinvestigated the psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the ParentSchool Climate Survey. The survey was developed by Haynes, Emmons and Comer(1994) to measure the school adaptation and the quality of student-adultrelationship. The scale consists of eight sub-dimensions: academic focus,achievement motivation, attention and sensitivity of school director,collaborative decision-making, parent participation, school building,school-community relationship, and student-teacher relationship. The data werecollected from 276 parents (194F, 82M) whose children were receiving educationat different grades (elementary school: 134, secondary school: 116, highschool: 21). The Parent School Climate Survey and an information sheet wereapplied to the participants. A confirmatory factor analysis was conducted andCronbach’s alpha coefficients were calculated to test the scale’s factorstructure and internal consistency estimate of reliability. The confirmatoryfactor analysis showed that fit statistics for the eight-factor model with 41items were acceptable according to the fit indices. Cronbach’s alphacoefficient was .91. The results indicated that this Turkish form of the scalehad an eight-factor structure with adequate internal consistency. Amultivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was conducted to find out whetherthe scores on the Parent School Climate Survey differed significantly accordingto the gender variable. MANOVA results showed a statistically significantdifference between the groups. Male parents scored significantly higher thanfemale parents did on the Parent School Climate Survey. The results confirmedthe Turkish version of the Parent School Climate Survey as a valid and reliablescale with an eight-factor structure. 
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