publication . Article . 2014

Genetics and biology of cytoplasmic male sterility and its applications in forage and turf grass breeding

Islam Mohamed Shofiqul; Studer Bruno; Møller Ian Max; Asp Torben;
Restricted English
  • Published: 17 Feb 2014
Abstract
Hybrid breeding can exploit heterosis and thus offers opportunities to maximize yield, quality and resistance traits in crop species. Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) is a widely applied tool for efficient hybrid seed production. Encoded in the mitochondrial genome, CMS is maternally inherited, and thus, it can be challenging to apply in breeding schemes of allogamous self-incompatible plant species, such as perennial ryegrass. Starting with a general introduction to the origin and the function of mitochondria in plants, this review focuses on the genetics and biology of CMS systems in plants to identify conserved and system-specific mechanisms. We examine prosp...
Subjects
Medical Subject Headings: food and beverageshealth care economics and organizationshealth services administrationfungi
free text keywords: Agronomy and Crop Science, Plant Science, Genetics, Forage, Mitochondrial DNA, Hybrid seed, Perennial plant, Heterosis, Biotechnology, business.industry, business, Biology, Candidate gene, Botany, Genomics, Cytoplasmic male sterility
Funded by
SNSF| FUNCTIONAL GENOMICS OF GRASS REPRODUCTIVE TRAITS
Project
  • Funder: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)
  • Project Code: PP00P2_138983
  • Funding stream: Careers | SNSF Professorships
Powered by OpenAIRE Open Research Graph
Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue
publication . Article . 2014

Genetics and biology of cytoplasmic male sterility and its applications in forage and turf grass breeding

Islam Mohamed Shofiqul; Studer Bruno; Møller Ian Max; Asp Torben;