publication . Preprint . Article . Other literature type . 2019

Human-induced fire regime shifts during 19th century industrialization: A robust fire regime reconstruction using northern Polish lake sediments

Dietze, Elisabeth; Brykała, Dariusz; Schreuder, Laura T.; Jażdżewski, Krzysztof; Blarquez, Olivier; Brauer, Achim; Dietze, Michael; Obremska, Milena; Ott, Florian; Pieńczewska, Anna; ...
Open Access
  • Published: 16 Sep 2019
  • Publisher: Center for Open Science
Abstract
Fire regime shifts are driven by climate and natural vegetation changes, but can be strongly affected by human land management. Yet, it is poorly known how humans have influenced fire regimes prior to active wildfire suppression. Among the last 250 years, the human contribution to the global increase in fire occurrence during the mid-19th century is especially unclear, as data sources are limited. Here, we test the extent to which forest management has driven fire regime shifts in a temperate forest landscape. We combine multiple fire proxies (macroscopic charcoal and fire-related biomarkers) derived from highly resolved lake sediments (i.e., 3–5 years per sampl...
Subjects
free text keywords: bepress|Physical Sciences and Mathematics, bepress|Physical Sciences and Mathematics|Earth Sciences, bepress|Physical Sciences and Mathematics|Earth Sciences|Biogeochemistry, bepress|Physical Sciences and Mathematics|Earth Sciences|Other Earth Sciences, bepress|Physical Sciences and Mathematics|Environmental Sciences, EarthArXiv|Physical Sciences and Mathematics, EarthArXiv|Physical Sciences and Mathematics|Earth Sciences, EarthArXiv|Physical Sciences and Mathematics|Earth Sciences|Biogeochemistry, EarthArXiv|Physical Sciences and Mathematics|Earth Sciences|Other Earth Sciences, EarthArXiv|Physical Sciences and Mathematics|Environmental Sciences, Research Article, Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Wildfires, Biology and Life Sciences, Ecology, Ecosystems, Forests, Terrestrial Environments, Engineering and Technology, Fire Engineering, Fire Suppression Technology, Earth Sciences, Marine and Aquatic Sciences, Bodies of Water, Lakes, Aquatic Environments, Freshwater Environments, Organisms, Eukaryota, Plants, Trees, Pines, Geology, Petrology, Sediment, Sedimentary Geology, Ecological Metrics, Biomass, People and places, Geographical locations, Europe, European Union, Poland, Medicine, R, Science, Q, General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology, General Agricultural and Biological Sciences, General Medicine, State forest, Temperate forest, Fire regime, Environmental science, Land management, Vegetation, Physical geography, Forest management, Arson, Wildfire suppression
103 references, page 1 of 7

1 Bowman DMJS Balch JK, Artaxo P Bond WJ, Carlson JM Cochrane MA, et al Fire in the Earth System. Science. 2009;324(5926):481–4. 10.1126/science.1163886 19390038 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

2 Pausas JG, Keeley JE, Schwilk DW. Flammability as an ecological and evolutionary driver. Journal of Ecology. 2017;105(2):289–97. 10.1111/1365-2745.12691 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

3 Steffen W, PerssonÅ, Deutsch L, Zalasiewicz J, Williams M, Richardson K, et al The Anthropocene: From Global Change to Planetary Stewardship. AMBIO. 2011;40(7):739 10.1007/s13280-011-0185-x 22338713 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

4 Bowman DMJS, Balch J, Artaxo P, Bond WJ, Cochrane MA, D’Antonio CM, et al The human dimension of fire regimes on Earth. Journal of Biogeography. 2011;38(12):2223–36. 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02595.x 22279247 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

5 Pyne SJ. Fire in the mind: Changing understandings of fire in western civilization.Philosophical transactions—Royal Society Biological sciences. 2016;371(1696):8.

6 Kaplan JO, Krumhardt KM, Zimmermann N. The prehistoric and preindustrial deforestation of Europe. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2009;28(27–28):3016–34. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.09.028. [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

7 Ruddiman WF, Ellis EC, Kaplan JO, Fuller DQ. Defining the epoch we live in. Science. 2015;348(6230):38–9. 10.1126/science.aaa7297 25838365 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

8 Vannière B, Blarquez O, Rius D, Doyen E, Brücher T, Colombaroli D, et al 7000-year human legacy of elevation-dependent European fire regimes. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2016;132:206–12. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.11.012. [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

9 Blarquez O, Talbot J, Paillard J, Lapointe-Elmrabti L, Pelletier N, Gates St-Pierre C. Late Holocene influence of societies on the fire regime in southern Québec temperate forests. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2018;180:63–74. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.11.022. [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

10 Dietze E, Theuerkauf M, Bloom K, Brauer A, Dörfler W, Feeser I, et al Holocene fire activity during low-natural flammability periods reveals scale-dependent cultural human-fire relationships in Europe.Quaternary Science Reviews. 2018;201:44–56. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.10.005. [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

11 Lhotka O, KyselýJ, Farda A. Climate change scenarios of heat waves in Central Europe and their uncertainties. Theoretical and Applied Climatology. 2018;131(3):1043–54. 10.1007/s00704-016-2031-3 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

12 IPCC. Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part B: Regional Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Barros V.R., Field C.B., Dokken D.J., Mastrandrea M.D., Mach K.J., Bilir T.E., Chatterjee M., Ebi K.L., Estrada Y.O., Genova R.C., Girma B., Kissel E.S., Levy A.N., MacCracken S., Mastrandrea P.R., and White L.L. (eds.)]. Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press; 2014. 688 p.

13 Munteanu C, Kuemmerle T, Keuler NS, Müller D, Balázs P, Dobosz M, et al Legacies of 19th century land use shape contemporary forest cover. Global Environmental Change. 2015;34:83–94. 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2015.06.015. [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

14 van der Werf GR, Peters W, van Leeuwen TT, Giglio L. What could have caused pre-industrial biomass burning emissions to exceed current rates?Clim Past. 2013;9(1):289–306. 10.5194/cp-9-289-2013 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

15 Marlon JR, Bartlein PJ, Carcaillet C, Gavin DG, Harrison SP, Higuera PE, et al Climate and human influences on global biomass burning over the past two millennia. Nature Geosci. 2008;1(10):697–702. http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/v1/n10/suppinfo/ngeo313_S1.html.

103 references, page 1 of 7
Abstract
Fire regime shifts are driven by climate and natural vegetation changes, but can be strongly affected by human land management. Yet, it is poorly known how humans have influenced fire regimes prior to active wildfire suppression. Among the last 250 years, the human contribution to the global increase in fire occurrence during the mid-19th century is especially unclear, as data sources are limited. Here, we test the extent to which forest management has driven fire regime shifts in a temperate forest landscape. We combine multiple fire proxies (macroscopic charcoal and fire-related biomarkers) derived from highly resolved lake sediments (i.e., 3–5 years per sampl...
Subjects
free text keywords: bepress|Physical Sciences and Mathematics, bepress|Physical Sciences and Mathematics|Earth Sciences, bepress|Physical Sciences and Mathematics|Earth Sciences|Biogeochemistry, bepress|Physical Sciences and Mathematics|Earth Sciences|Other Earth Sciences, bepress|Physical Sciences and Mathematics|Environmental Sciences, EarthArXiv|Physical Sciences and Mathematics, EarthArXiv|Physical Sciences and Mathematics|Earth Sciences, EarthArXiv|Physical Sciences and Mathematics|Earth Sciences|Biogeochemistry, EarthArXiv|Physical Sciences and Mathematics|Earth Sciences|Other Earth Sciences, EarthArXiv|Physical Sciences and Mathematics|Environmental Sciences, Research Article, Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Wildfires, Biology and Life Sciences, Ecology, Ecosystems, Forests, Terrestrial Environments, Engineering and Technology, Fire Engineering, Fire Suppression Technology, Earth Sciences, Marine and Aquatic Sciences, Bodies of Water, Lakes, Aquatic Environments, Freshwater Environments, Organisms, Eukaryota, Plants, Trees, Pines, Geology, Petrology, Sediment, Sedimentary Geology, Ecological Metrics, Biomass, People and places, Geographical locations, Europe, European Union, Poland, Medicine, R, Science, Q, General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology, General Agricultural and Biological Sciences, General Medicine, State forest, Temperate forest, Fire regime, Environmental science, Land management, Vegetation, Physical geography, Forest management, Arson, Wildfire suppression
103 references, page 1 of 7

1 Bowman DMJS Balch JK, Artaxo P Bond WJ, Carlson JM Cochrane MA, et al Fire in the Earth System. Science. 2009;324(5926):481–4. 10.1126/science.1163886 19390038 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

2 Pausas JG, Keeley JE, Schwilk DW. Flammability as an ecological and evolutionary driver. Journal of Ecology. 2017;105(2):289–97. 10.1111/1365-2745.12691 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

3 Steffen W, PerssonÅ, Deutsch L, Zalasiewicz J, Williams M, Richardson K, et al The Anthropocene: From Global Change to Planetary Stewardship. AMBIO. 2011;40(7):739 10.1007/s13280-011-0185-x 22338713 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

4 Bowman DMJS, Balch J, Artaxo P, Bond WJ, Cochrane MA, D’Antonio CM, et al The human dimension of fire regimes on Earth. Journal of Biogeography. 2011;38(12):2223–36. 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02595.x 22279247 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

5 Pyne SJ. Fire in the mind: Changing understandings of fire in western civilization.Philosophical transactions—Royal Society Biological sciences. 2016;371(1696):8.

6 Kaplan JO, Krumhardt KM, Zimmermann N. The prehistoric and preindustrial deforestation of Europe. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2009;28(27–28):3016–34. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.09.028. [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

7 Ruddiman WF, Ellis EC, Kaplan JO, Fuller DQ. Defining the epoch we live in. Science. 2015;348(6230):38–9. 10.1126/science.aaa7297 25838365 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

8 Vannière B, Blarquez O, Rius D, Doyen E, Brücher T, Colombaroli D, et al 7000-year human legacy of elevation-dependent European fire regimes. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2016;132:206–12. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.11.012. [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

9 Blarquez O, Talbot J, Paillard J, Lapointe-Elmrabti L, Pelletier N, Gates St-Pierre C. Late Holocene influence of societies on the fire regime in southern Québec temperate forests. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2018;180:63–74. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.11.022. [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

10 Dietze E, Theuerkauf M, Bloom K, Brauer A, Dörfler W, Feeser I, et al Holocene fire activity during low-natural flammability periods reveals scale-dependent cultural human-fire relationships in Europe.Quaternary Science Reviews. 2018;201:44–56. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.10.005. [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

11 Lhotka O, KyselýJ, Farda A. Climate change scenarios of heat waves in Central Europe and their uncertainties. Theoretical and Applied Climatology. 2018;131(3):1043–54. 10.1007/s00704-016-2031-3 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

12 IPCC. Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part B: Regional Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Barros V.R., Field C.B., Dokken D.J., Mastrandrea M.D., Mach K.J., Bilir T.E., Chatterjee M., Ebi K.L., Estrada Y.O., Genova R.C., Girma B., Kissel E.S., Levy A.N., MacCracken S., Mastrandrea P.R., and White L.L. (eds.)]. Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press; 2014. 688 p.

13 Munteanu C, Kuemmerle T, Keuler NS, Müller D, Balázs P, Dobosz M, et al Legacies of 19th century land use shape contemporary forest cover. Global Environmental Change. 2015;34:83–94. 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2015.06.015. [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

14 van der Werf GR, Peters W, van Leeuwen TT, Giglio L. What could have caused pre-industrial biomass burning emissions to exceed current rates?Clim Past. 2013;9(1):289–306. 10.5194/cp-9-289-2013 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

15 Marlon JR, Bartlein PJ, Carcaillet C, Gavin DG, Harrison SP, Higuera PE, et al Climate and human influences on global biomass burning over the past two millennia. Nature Geosci. 2008;1(10):697–702. http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/v1/n10/suppinfo/ngeo313_S1.html.

103 references, page 1 of 7
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publication . Preprint . Article . Other literature type . 2019

Human-induced fire regime shifts during 19th century industrialization: A robust fire regime reconstruction using northern Polish lake sediments

Dietze, Elisabeth; Brykała, Dariusz; Schreuder, Laura T.; Jażdżewski, Krzysztof; Blarquez, Olivier; Brauer, Achim; Dietze, Michael; Obremska, Milena; Ott, Florian; Pieńczewska, Anna; ...