publication . Article . 2015

Temporarily social spiders do not show personality-based task differentiation

Settepani, Virginia; Bilde, Trine; Grinsted, Lena;
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  • Published: 01 Jul 2015 Journal: Animal Behaviour, volume 105, pages 95-102 (issn: 0003-3472, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Elsevier BV
Abstract
<p>Task differentiation in cooperative groups can arise through a wide range of mechanisms. A recent hypothesis, supported by empirical studies of social spiders, suggests that a variation in individual personalities might be one such mechanism. Personality-based task differentiation can either arise as an emergent property of group living based on inherent behavioural variation among individuals, or alternatively it could be an adaptation to permanent sociality favoured by individual fitness benefits arising from increased group efficiency and productivity. We tested whether personality-based task differentiation is present in the temporarily social spider Steg...
Subjects
free text keywords: behavioural type, evolution of cooperation, social insects, subsocial, task specialization, DIVISION-OF-LABOR, EVOLUTION, ARANEAE, SPECIALIZATION, ASSOCIATIONS, COLONIES, ERESIDAE, BEHAVIOR, FITNESS, ANTS, Trait, Division of labour, Social spider, biology.organism_classification, biology, Ecology, Sociality, Personality, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Boldness, Psychology, Stegodyphus sarasinorum, Personality psychology, Social psychology, Communication, business.industry, business
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