The adoption of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) is widely seen as an
interim solution for the decarbonisation of the transport sector. Within a PHEV,
determining the required energy storage capacity of the battery remains one of
the primary concerns for vehicle manufacturers and system integrators. This fact is
particularly pertinent since the battery constitutes the largest contributor to vehicle
mass. Furthermore, the financial cost associated with the procurement, design
and integration of battery systems is often cited as one of the main barriers to
vehicle commercialisation. The ability to integrate the optimization of the ener...