publication . Article . 2017

High capacity V-based metal hydride electrodes for rechargeable batteries

Heng Yang; Nicholas J. Weadock; Hongjin Tan; Brent Fultz;
Open Access
  • Published: 07 Nov 2017
  • Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Country: United States
Abstract
We report the successful development of Ti_(29)V_(62−x)Ni_9Cr_x (x = 0, 6, 12) body centered cubic metal hydride (MH) electrodes by addressing vanadium corrosion and dissolution in KOH solutions. By identifying oxygen as the primary source of corrosion and eliminating oxygen with an Ar-purged cell, the Cr-free Ti_(29)V_(62)Ni_9 alloy electrode achieved a maximum capacity of 594 mAh g^(-1), double the capacity of commercial AB_5 MH electrodes. With coin cells designed to minimize oxygen evolution, the cycle stability of a Ti_(29)V_(62)Ni_9 alloy electrode was greatly improved with either vanadate ion additions to the electrolyte or Cr-substitution in the alloy. T...
Subjects
free text keywords: Alloy, engineering.material, engineering, Inorganic chemistry, Electrode, Electrolyte, Hydride, Oxygen evolution, Materials science, Vanadium, chemistry.chemical_element, chemistry, Metal, visual_art.visual_art_medium, visual_art, Corrosion
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publication . Article . 2017

High capacity V-based metal hydride electrodes for rechargeable batteries

Heng Yang; Nicholas J. Weadock; Hongjin Tan; Brent Fultz;