publication . Preprint . 2017

From Algorithmic Black Boxes to Adaptive White Boxes: Declarative Decision-Theoretic Ethical Programs as Codes of Ethics

van Otterlo, Martijn;
Open Access English
  • Published: 16 Nov 2017
Ethics of algorithms is an emerging topic in various disciplines such as social science, law, and philosophy, but also artificial intelligence (AI). The value alignment problem expresses the challenge of (machine) learning values that are, in some way, aligned with human requirements or values. In this paper I argue for looking at how humans have formalized and communicated values, in professional codes of ethics, and for exploring declarative decision-theoretic ethical programs (DDTEP) to formalize codes of ethics. This renders machine ethical reasoning and decision-making, as well as learning, more transparent and hopefully more accountable. The paper includes...
ACM Computing Classification System: ComputingMilieux_THECOMPUTINGPROFESSION
free text keywords: Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence
Related Organizations
Download from
37 references, page 1 of 3

Abel, D.; MacGlashan, J.; and Littman, M. 2016. Reinforcement learning as a framework for ethical decision making. In AAAI Workshop: AI, Ethics, and Society.

Amodei, D.; Olah, C.; Steinhardt, J.; Christiano, P.; Schulman, J.; and Mane´, D. 2016. Concrete problems in AI safety. [OpenAIRE]

CoRR abs/1606.06565.

Anderson, M., and Anderson, S. 2007. Machine ethics: Creating an ethical intelligent agent. AI Magazine 28:15- 26.

Armstrong, S. 2015. Motivated value selection for artificial agents. In AAAI Workshop: Artificial Intelligence and Ethics.

Bozdag, E. 2013. Bias in algorithmic filtering and personalization. Ethics of Information Technology 15(209). [OpenAIRE]

Danielson, E. 1989. The ethics of access. American Archivist 52:52-62.

De Raedt, L. 2008. Logical and Relational Learning.

Diakopoulos, N. 2016. Accountability in algorithmic decision making. Communications of the ACM 59(2):56-62. [OpenAIRE]

Etzioni, A., and Etzioni, O. 2016. Designing AI systems that obey our laws and values. Communications of the ACM 59(9):29-31.

Ferguson, S.; Thornley, C.; and Gibb, F. 2016. Beyond codes of ethics: How library and information professionals navigate ethical dilemmas in a complex and dynamic information environment. International Journal of Information Management 36(4):543-556.

2015. Inference and learning in probabilistic logic programs using weighted boolean formulas. Theory and Practice of Logic Programming 15(3):358-401.

Goodall, N. 2014. Ethical decision making during automated vehicle crashes. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 2424:58-65.

Juznic, P.; Urbanija, J.; Grabrijan, E.; Miklavc, S.; Oslaj, D.; and S., S. S. 2001. Excuse me, how do I commit suicide? access to ethically disputed items of information in public libraries. Library Management 22(1/2):75-79.

Kizza, J. 2013. Ethical and Social Issues in the Information Age. Springer. [OpenAIRE]

37 references, page 1 of 3
Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue