Dirac Material Graphene
Sheka, Elena F.
Condensed Matter - Materials Science
arxiv: Physics::Optics | Condensed Matter::Strongly Correlated Electrons | Physics::Atomic and Molecular Clusters | Physics::Chemical Physics | Condensed Matter::Other
The paper presents the author view on spin-rooted properties of graphene supported by numerous experimental and calculation evidences. Dirac fermions of crystalline graphene and local spins of graphene molecules are suggested to meet a strict demand - different orbitals for different spins- which leads to a large spectrum of effects caused by spin polarization of electronic states. The consequent topological non-triviality, making graphene topological insulator, and local spins, imaging graphene chemical activity, are proposed to discuss such peculiar properties of graphene as high temperature ferromagnetism and outstanding chemical behavior. The connection of these new findings with difficulties met at attempting to convert semimetal graphene into semiconductor one is discussed.