Free topological vector spaces

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Gabriyelyan, Saak S. ; Morris, Sidney A. (2016)
  • Subject: Mathematics - General Topology | 46A03, 54A25, 54D50

We define and study the free topological vector space $\mathbb{V}(X)$ over a Tychonoff space $X$. We prove that $\mathbb{V}(X)$ is a $k_\omega$-space if and only if $X$ is a $k_\omega$-space. If $X$ is infinite, then $\mathbb{V}(X)$ contains a closed vector subspace which is topologically isomorphic to $\mathbb{V}(\mathbb{N})$. It is proved that if $X$ is a $k$-space, then $\mathbb{V}(X)$ is locally convex if and only if $X$ is discrete and countable. If $X$ is a metrizable space it is shown that: (1) $\mathbb{V}(X)$ has countable tightness if and only if $X$ is separable, and (2) $\mathbb{V}(X)$ is a $k$-space if and only if $X$ is locally compact and separable. It is proved that $\mathbb{V}(X)$ is a barrelled topological vector space if and only if $X$ is discrete. This result is applied to free locally convex spaces $L(X)$ over a Tychonoff space $X$ by showing that: (1) $L(X)$ is quasibarrelled if and only if $L(X)$ is barrelled if and only if $X$ is discrete, and (2) $L(X)$ is a Baire space if and only if $X$ is finite.
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