1 D. Hestenes, M. Wells, and G. Swackhamer, “Force concept inventory,” Phys. Teach. 30, 141- 151 (1992); R. K. Thornton and D. R. Sokoloff, “Assessing student learning of Newton's laws: The force and motion conceptual evaluation and the evaluation of active learning laboratory and lecture curricula,” Am. J. Phys. 66, 338-352 (1998); R. J. Beichner, “Testing student interpretation of kinematics graphs,” Am. J. Phys. 62, 750-762 (1994); R. Thornton, “Questions on heat and temperature,” Unpublished, (1992); D. R. Sokoloff, “Electric circuit concept test,” Unpublished, (1993); D. P. Maloney, T. L. O'Kuma, C. J. Hieggelke, and A. V. Heuvelen, “Surveying students' conceptual knowledge of electricity and magnetism,” Phys. Ed. Res., Am. J. Phys. 69(7), S12-S23, (2001).
2 A. B. Arons, A Guide to Introductory Physics Teaching (Wiley, NY, 1990); B. A. Sherwood and W. H. Bernard, “Work and heat transfer in the presence of sliding friction,” Am. J. Phys. 52, 1001-1007 (1984); A. Van Heuvelen and X. Zou, “Multiple representations of work-energy processes,” Am. J. Phys. 69(2), 184-194 (2001); R. A. Lawson and L. C. McDermott, “Student understanding of the work-energy and impulse-momentum theorems,” Am. J. Phys. 55(9), 811- 817 (1987); T. O'Brien Pride, S. Vokos, and L. C. McDermott, “The challenge of matching learning assessments to teaching goals: An example from the work-energy and impulse-momentum theorems,” Am. J. Phys. 66 (2), 147-157 (1998).
3 C. Singh and D. Rosengrant, “Students' conceptual knowledge of energy and momentum,” Proceedings of the Physics Education Research conference, (Rochester, NY), edited by S. Franklin, J. Marx, and K. Cummings, 123, 2001. [OpenAIRE]
4 G. Aubrecht and J. Aubrecht, “Constructing objective tests,” Am. J. Phys. 51, 613-620 (1983); A. J. Nitko, Educational Assessments of Students (Prentice Hall/Merrill, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1996), 2nd ed.
5 B. Bloom, Taxonomy of Educational Objectives (Longman, New York, 1987).
6 M. Chi, “Thinking aloud,” in The Think Aloud Method: A Practical Guide to Modeling Cognitive Processes, edited by M. W. Van Someren, Y. F. Barnard, and J. A. C. Sandberg (Academic Press, London, 1994) Chap. 1.
7 R. Gorsuch, Factor Analysis (Lawrence Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ, 1983).
8 J. Cohen, Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences (Academic Press, NY, 1969).