publication . Article . Preprint . Other literature type . 2010

Bose–Einstein condensation of photons in an optical microcavity

Klaers, Jan; Schmitt, Julian; Vewinger, Frank; Weitz, Martin;
Open Access
  • Published: 24 Nov 2010 Journal: Nature, volume 468, pages 545-548 (issn: 0028-0836, eissn: 1476-4687, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Abstract
Bose–Einstein condensation has been observed in several physical systems, but is not predicted to occur for blackbody radiation such as photons. However, it becomes theoretically possible in the presence of thermalization processes that conserve photon number. Martin Weitz and colleagues have now realized such conditions experimentally, observing Bose–Einstein condensation of photons in a dye-filled optical microcavity. The effect is of interest for fundamental studies and may lead to new coherent ultraviolet sources. Bose–Einstein condensation has been observed in several physical systems, but is not predicted to occur for blackbody radiation such as photons. H...
Subjects
arXiv: Condensed Matter::Quantum GasesPhysics::Optics
free text keywords: Bose gas, Atomic physics, Black-body radiation, Physics, Photon, Bose–Einstein condensate, law.invention, law, Boson, Photon gas, Bose–Einstein statistics, symbols.namesake, symbols, Optical microcavity, Condensed Matter - Quantum Gases
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