publication . Preprint . Conference object . 2016

On temporal correlations in high-resolution frequency counting

Tim Dunker; Harald Hauglin; Ole Petter Ronningen;
Open Access English
  • Published: 18 Apr 2016
We analyze noise properties of time series of frequency data from different counting modes of a Keysight 53230A frequency counter. We use a 10 MHz reference signal from a passive hydrogen maser connected via phase-stable Huber+Suhner Sucoflex 104 cables to the reference and input connectors of the counter. We find that the high resolution gap-free (CONT) frequency counting process imposes long-term correlations in the output data, resulting in a modified Allan deviation that is characteristic of random walk phase noise. Equally important, the CONT mode results in a frequency bias. In contrast, the counter's undocumented raw continuous mode (RCON) yields unbiased...
free text keywords: Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors

[1] E. Benkler, C. Lisdat, and U. Sterr. On the relation between uncertainties of weighted frequency averages and the various types of Allan deviations. Metrologia 52(4) (2015), pp. 565- 574. doi: 10.1088/0026-1394/52/4/565. [OpenAIRE]

[2] S. T. Dawkins, J. J. McFerran, and A. N. Luiten. Considerations on the measurement of the stability of oscillators with frequency counters. IEEE T. Ultrason. Ferr. 54(5) (2007), pp. 918-925. doi: 10.1109/TUFFC.2007.337. [OpenAIRE]

[3] Keysight. The 53230A frequency counter. Available online: 20-pn-53230A/. Accessed: 1 April 2016.

[4] J. Miles. TimeLab. url: http : / / www . ke5fx . com / timelab / readme . htm. Accessed: 1 April 2016.

[5] W. J. Riley. Handbook of Frequency Stability. NIST Special Publication 1065. Available online: . Boulder, CO, USA, 2008.

[6] E. Rubiola. On the measurement of frequency and of its sample variance with high-resolution counters. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76(5) (2005), 054703. doi: 10.1063/1.1898203.

[7] R. H. Shumway and D. S. Stoffer. Time Series Analysis and Its Applications. With R Examples. 3rd ed. ISBN (print): 978-1-4419-7864-6. New York: Springer, 2011. doi: 10.1007 /978-1-4419-7865-3.

[8] Spectracom. User's Manual, Timer/Counter/Analyzer CNT-90, CNT-91; Frequency Calibrator/Analyzer CNT-91R, CNT-91R/AF; Microwave Counter/Analyzer CNT-90XL, rev. 8. Available online: t-90-cnt-91-frequency-calibratoranalyzer-cnt-91r-cnt. 2014. Accessed: 1 April 2016.

Powered by OpenAIRE Research Graph
Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue