publication . Article . Other literature type . Preprint . 2017

Small cities face greater impact from automation

Morgan R. Frank; Lijun Sun; Manuel Cebrian; Hyejin Youn; Iyad Rahwan;
Open Access English
  • Published: 16 May 2017 Journal: Journal of the Royal Society Interface, volume 15, issue 139 (issn: 1742-5689, eissn: 1742-5662, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: The Royal Society
Abstract
<jats:p>The city has proved to be the most successful form of human agglomeration and provides wide employment opportunities for its dwellers. As advances in robotics and artificial intelligence revive concerns about the impact of automation on jobs, a question looms: how will automation affect employment in cities? Here, we provide a comparative picture of the impact of automation across US urban areas. Small cities will undertake greater adjustments, such as worker displacement and job content substitutions. We demonstrate that large cities exhibit increased occupational and skill specialization due to increased abundance of managerial and technical profession...
Subjects
free text keywords: 1004, 181, Life Sciences–Physics interface, Research Article, city science, automation, future of work, resilience, Biotechnology, Biophysics, Biochemistry, Bioengineering, Biomaterials, Biomedical Engineering, Computer Science - Computers and Society, Computer security, computer.software_genre, computer, Economies of agglomeration, Psychological resilience, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Engineering management, Engineering, business.industry, business, Robotics, Artificial intelligence

[1] International Organization for Migration. World migration report 2015 - migrants and cities: New partnerships to manage mobility. 8, 2015.

[2] Frauke Kraas, Surinder Aggarwal, Martin Coy, and Gu¨nter Mertins. Megacities: our global urban future. Springer Science & Business Media, 2013.

[3] Caroline Ash, Barbara R Jasny, Leslie Roberts, Richard Stone, and Andrew M Sugden. Reimagining cities. Science, 319(5864):739-739, 2008.

[22] J Vernon Henderson et al. Urban development: Theory, fact, and illusion. OUP Catalogue, 1991.

[23] Lu´ıs MA Bettencourt, Horacio Samaniego, and Hyejin Youn. Professional diversity and the productivity of cities. Scientific Reports, 4, 2014.

[24] Aaron Sim, Sophia N Yaliraki, Mauricio Barahona, and Michael PH Stumpf. Great cities look small. Journal of The Royal Society Interface, 12(109):20150315, 2015. Dover, DE Texarkana-Texarkana, TX-AR Logan, UT-ID Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian, PR Casper, WY Goldsboro, NC Sioux City, IA-NE-SD Brunswick, GA Longview, WA Monroe, MI Guayama, PR Waco, TX Hattiesburg, MS Reno-Sparks, NV Muncie, IN Fond du Lac, WI Lake Charles, LA Rapid City, SD Valdosta, GA Dubuque, IA Wenatchee-East Wenatchee, WA Lafayette, IN St. Joseph, MO-KS Morristown, TN Sandusky, OH Owensboro, KY Wausau, WI Elmira, NY Grand Junction, CO Tuscaloosa, AL Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC Jonesboro, AR Danville, VA Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL Cape Girardeau-Jackson, MO-IL Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL Dothan, AL Great Falls, MT Naples-Marco Island, FL Columbus, IN Gainesville, GA Kokomo, IN Hot Springs, AR Lafayette, LA Williamsport, PA Ocean City, NJ Anniston-Oxford, AL Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL Auburn-Opelika, AL Odessa, TX Las Vegas-Paradise, NV Lebanon, PA Burlington, NC Danville, IL San Angelo, TX Ocala, FL Laredo, TX Gadsden, AL San German-Cabo Rojo, PR Napa, CA Palm Coast, FL Yauco, PR 109

Abstract
<jats:p>The city has proved to be the most successful form of human agglomeration and provides wide employment opportunities for its dwellers. As advances in robotics and artificial intelligence revive concerns about the impact of automation on jobs, a question looms: how will automation affect employment in cities? Here, we provide a comparative picture of the impact of automation across US urban areas. Small cities will undertake greater adjustments, such as worker displacement and job content substitutions. We demonstrate that large cities exhibit increased occupational and skill specialization due to increased abundance of managerial and technical profession...
Subjects
free text keywords: 1004, 181, Life Sciences–Physics interface, Research Article, city science, automation, future of work, resilience, Biotechnology, Biophysics, Biochemistry, Bioengineering, Biomaterials, Biomedical Engineering, Computer Science - Computers and Society, Computer security, computer.software_genre, computer, Economies of agglomeration, Psychological resilience, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Engineering management, Engineering, business.industry, business, Robotics, Artificial intelligence

[1] International Organization for Migration. World migration report 2015 - migrants and cities: New partnerships to manage mobility. 8, 2015.

[2] Frauke Kraas, Surinder Aggarwal, Martin Coy, and Gu¨nter Mertins. Megacities: our global urban future. Springer Science & Business Media, 2013.

[3] Caroline Ash, Barbara R Jasny, Leslie Roberts, Richard Stone, and Andrew M Sugden. Reimagining cities. Science, 319(5864):739-739, 2008.

[22] J Vernon Henderson et al. Urban development: Theory, fact, and illusion. OUP Catalogue, 1991.

[23] Lu´ıs MA Bettencourt, Horacio Samaniego, and Hyejin Youn. Professional diversity and the productivity of cities. Scientific Reports, 4, 2014.

[24] Aaron Sim, Sophia N Yaliraki, Mauricio Barahona, and Michael PH Stumpf. Great cities look small. Journal of The Royal Society Interface, 12(109):20150315, 2015. Dover, DE Texarkana-Texarkana, TX-AR Logan, UT-ID Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian, PR Casper, WY Goldsboro, NC Sioux City, IA-NE-SD Brunswick, GA Longview, WA Monroe, MI Guayama, PR Waco, TX Hattiesburg, MS Reno-Sparks, NV Muncie, IN Fond du Lac, WI Lake Charles, LA Rapid City, SD Valdosta, GA Dubuque, IA Wenatchee-East Wenatchee, WA Lafayette, IN St. Joseph, MO-KS Morristown, TN Sandusky, OH Owensboro, KY Wausau, WI Elmira, NY Grand Junction, CO Tuscaloosa, AL Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC Jonesboro, AR Danville, VA Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL Cape Girardeau-Jackson, MO-IL Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL Dothan, AL Great Falls, MT Naples-Marco Island, FL Columbus, IN Gainesville, GA Kokomo, IN Hot Springs, AR Lafayette, LA Williamsport, PA Ocean City, NJ Anniston-Oxford, AL Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL Auburn-Opelika, AL Odessa, TX Las Vegas-Paradise, NV Lebanon, PA Burlington, NC Danville, IL San Angelo, TX Ocala, FL Laredo, TX Gadsden, AL San German-Cabo Rojo, PR Napa, CA Palm Coast, FL Yauco, PR 109

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