Few-photon optical diode

Preprint English OPEN
Roy, Dibyendu (2010)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.81.155117
  • Subject: Physics - Optics | Condensed Matter - Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics | Quantum Physics
    arxiv: Physics::Optics

We propose a novel scheme of realizing an optical diode at the few-photon level. The system consists of a one-dimensional waveguide coupled asymmetrically to a two-level system. The two or multi-photon transport in this system is strongly correlated. We derive exactly the single and two-photon current and show that the two-photon current is asymmetric for the asymmetric coupling. Thus the system serves as an optical diode which allows transmission of photons in one direction much more efficiently than the opposite.
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