Ferromagnetic Film on a Superconducting Substrate

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Bulaevskii, L. N. ; Chudnovsky, E. M. (2000)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.63.012502
  • Subject: Condensed Matter - Materials Science | Condensed Matter - Superconductivity
    arxiv: Condensed Matter::Superconductivity

We study the equilibrium domain structure and magnetic flux around a ferromagnetic (FM) film with perpendicular magnetization M_0 on a superconducting (SC) substrate. At 4{\pi}M_0<H_{c1} the SC is in the Meissner state and the equilibrium domain width in the film, l, scales as (l/4{\pi}{\lambda}_{L}) = (l_{N}/4{\pi}{\lambda}_{L})^{2/3} with the domain width on a normal (non-superconducting) substrate, l_{N}/4\pi\lambda_L >> 1. Here \lambda_L is the London penetration length. For 4{\pi}M_0 > H_{c1} and l_{N} in excess of about 35 {\lambda}_{L}, the domains are connected by SC vortices. We argue that pinning of vortices by magnetic domains in FM/SC multilayers can provide high critical currents.
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