Entanglement growth and simulation efficiency in one-dimensional quantum lattice systems
Condensed Matter - Strongly Correlated Electrons | Quantum Physics
We study the evolution of one-dimensional quantum lattice systems when the ground state is perturbed by altering one site in the middle of the chain. For a large class of models, we observe a similar pattern of entanglement growth during the evolution, characterized by a moderate increase of significant Schmidt coefficients in all relevant bipartite decompositions of the state. As a result, the evolution can be accurately described by a matrix product state and efficiently simulated using the time-evolving block decimation algorithm.