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[1] C. Sagan, Contact (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1985).
[2] B. Greene, The elegant Universe: Superstrings, hidden dimensions, and the quest for the ultimate theory (New York: Vintage, 2000).
[3] L. Smolin, The trouble with Physics: The rise of String Theory, the fall of Science, and what comes next (Boston: HoughtonMifflin, 2006).
[4] T. Theoharis, G. Papaioannou, N. Platis, and N. M. Patrikalakis, Graphics and Visualization: Principles & Algorithms (Wellesley: A. K. Peters, 2008).
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[6] J. R. Van Aken, “An efficient ellipsedrawing algorithm,” IEEE Comput. Graph. & Appl. 4 (9), 2435 (1984); J. Van Aken and M. Novak, “Curve drawing algorithms for raster displays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 4 (2), 147169 (1985).
[7] D. E. Knuth, The Art of Computer Programming, Volume 4, Fascicle 1: Bitwise Tricks & Techniques, Binary Decision Diagrams (Reading: AddisonWesley, 2009).
[8] R. L. Grahan, D. E. Knuth, and O. Patashnik, Concrete Mathematics, 2nd. ed. (Reading: AddisonWesley, 1998).
[9] S. Lloyd, “Ultimate physical limits to computation,” Nature 406 (6799), 10471054 (2000); S. Lloyd, “Computational capacity of the Universe,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88 (23), 237901 (2002); S. Lloyd, Programming the Universe: A Quantum Computer Scientist Takes on the Cosmos (New York: Vintage, 2007).
[10] E. Borel, “Les probabilite´s de´nombrables et leurs applications arithme´tiques,” Rend. Circ. Mat. Palermo 27 (1), 247271 (1909). See also R. B. Ash, Real Analysis and Probability (San Diego: Academic Press, 1972), Chapter 7, problem 7.2.7(b).