Domain Adversarial for Acoustic Emotion Recognition

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Abdelwahab, Mohammed ; Busso, Carlos (2018)
  • Subject: Electrical Engineering and Systems Science - Audio and Speech Processing | Computer Science - Sound

The performance of speech emotion recognition is affected by the differences in data distributions between train (source domain) and test (target domain) sets used to build and evaluate the models. This is a common problem, as multiple studies have shown that the performance of emotional classifiers drop when they are exposed to data that does not match the distribution used to build the emotion classifiers. The difference in data distributions becomes very clear when the training and testing data come from different domains, causing a large performance gap between validation and testing performance. Due to the high cost of annotating new data and the abundance of unlabeled data, it is crucial to extract as much useful information as possible from the available unlabeled data. This study looks into the use of adversarial multitask training to extract a common representation between train and test domains. The primary task is to predict emotional attribute-based descriptors for arousal, valence, or dominance. The secondary task is to learn a common representation where the train and test domains cannot be distinguished. By using a gradient reversal layer, the gradients coming from the domain classifier are used to bring the source and target domain representations closer. We show that exploiting unlabeled data consistently leads to better emotion recognition performance across all emotional dimensions. We visualize the effect of adversarial training on the feature representation across the proposed deep learning architecture. The analysis shows that the data representations for the train and test domains converge as the data is passed to deeper layers of the network. We also evaluate the difference in performance when we use a shallow neural network versus a \emph{deep neural network} (DNN) and the effect of the number of shared layers used by the task and domain classifiers.
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