Dipole-dipole dispersion interactions between neutrons

Preprint English OPEN
Babb, James F. ; Higa, Renato ; Hussein, Mahir S. (2016)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1140/epja/i2017-12313-7
  • Subject: Physics - Atomic Physics
    arxiv: Nuclear Theory | Nuclear Experiment | Astrophysics::High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena

We investigate the long-range interactions between two neutrons utilizing recent data on the neutron static and dynamic electric and magnetic dipole polarizabilities. The resulting long-range potentials are used to make quantitative comparisons between the collisions of a neutron with a neutron and a neutron with a proton. We also assess the importance of the first pion production threshold and first excited state of the nucleon, the $\Delta$-resonance ($J^{\pi}$ = + 3/2, I = 3/2). We found both dynamical effects to be quite relevant for distances r between ~ 50 fm up to ~$10^3$ fm in the nn system, the neutron-wall system and in the wall-neutron-wall system, reaching the expected asymptotic limit beyond that. Relevance of our findings to the confinement of ultra cold neutrons inside bottles is discussed.
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