publication . Preprint . Article . 2017

Inverse Design of Single- and Multi-Rotor Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine Blades using Computational Fluid Dynamics

Behnam Moghadassian; Anupam Sharma;
Open Access English
  • Published: 16 Mar 2017
A method for inverse design of horizontal axis wind turbines (HAWTs) is presented in this paper. The direct solver for aerodynamic analysis solves the Reynolds Averaged Navier Stokes (RANS) equations, where the effect of the turbine rotor is modeled as momentum sources using the actuator disk model (ADM); this approach is referred to as RANS/ADM. The inverse problem is posed as follows: for a given selection of airfoils, the objective is to find the blade geometry (described as blade twist and chord distributions) which realizes the desired turbine aerodynamic performance at the design point; the desired performance is prescribed as angle of attack ($\alpha$) an...
Persistent Identifiers
arXiv: Physics::Fluid Dynamics
free text keywords: Physics - Fluid Dynamics, Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment, Energy Engineering and Power Technology, Mechanics, Geology, Electromagnetic induction, Inverse problem, Turbine blade, law.invention, law, Rotor (electric), Computational fluid dynamics, business.industry, business, Actuator, Wind power, Marine engineering, Airfoil
Related Organizations
Funded by
NSF| Innovative Dual-Rotor Wind Turbine (DRWT) Designs for Improved Turbine Performance and Wind Farm Efficiency
  • Funder: National Science Foundation (NSF)
  • Project Code: 1438099
  • Funding stream: Directorate for Engineering | Division of Chemical, Bioengineering, Environmental, and Transport Systems
Energy ResearchEnergy Research Projects: nsf::1438099
32 references, page 1 of 3

1. C. N. Adkins and R. H. Liebeck. Design of optimum propellers. Journal of Propulsion and Power, 10(5):676{682, 1994. [OpenAIRE]

2. A. Alaimo, A. Esposito, A. Messineo, C. Orlando, and D. Tumino. 3d cfd analysis of a vertical axis wind turbine. Energies, 8(4):3013{3033, 2015. [OpenAIRE]

3. P. Bachant and M. Wosnik. Modeling the near-wake of a vertical-axis cross-flow turbine with 2-d and 3-d rans. arXiv preprint arXiv:1604.02611, 2016. [OpenAIRE]

4. R. H. Byrd, J. C. Gilbert, and J. Nocedal. A trust region method based on interior point techniques for nonlinear programming. Mathematical Programming, 89(1):149{185, 2000.

5. R. H. Byrd, R. B. Schnabel, and G. A. Shultz. A trust region algorithm for nonlinearly constrained optimization. SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis, 24(5):1152{1170, 1987. [OpenAIRE]

6. J.-J. Chattot. Optimization of wind turbines using helicoidal vortex model. Journal of solar energy engineering, 125(4):418{424, 2003.

7. T. F. Coleman and Y. Li. On the convergence of interior-reflective newton methods for nonlinear minimization subject to bounds. Mathematical programming, 67(1-3):189{224, 1994.

8. M. Drela. Xfoil: An analysis and design system for low reynolds number airfoils. In Low Reynolds number aerodynamics, pages 1{12. Springer, 1989. [OpenAIRE]

9. P. Giguere and M. Selig. Desirable airfoil characteristics for large variable-speed horizontal axis wind turbines. Journal of solar energy engineering, 119(3):253{260, 1997.

10. S. Goldstein. On the vortex theory of screw propellers. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Containing Papers of a Mathematical and Physical Character, 123(792):440{465, 1929.

11. M. Hand, D. Simms, L. Fingersh, D. Jager, J. Cotrell, S. Schreck, and S. Larwood. Unsteady aerodynamics experiment phase vi: wind tunnel test configurations and available data campaigns. National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, Report No. NREL/TP-500-29955, 2001.

12. D. Hargreaves and N. G. Wright. On the use of the k{" model in commercial cfd software to model the neutral atmospheric boundary layer. Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 95(5):355{369, 2007.

13. J. Jonkman, S. Butterfield, W. Musial, and G. Scott. Definition of a 5-mw reference wind turbine for offshore system development. National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, Technical Report No. NREL/TP-500-38060, 2009.

14. H. Lam and H. Peng. Study of wake characteristics of a vertical axis wind turbine by two-and three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics simulations. Renewable Energy, 90:386{398, 2016.

15. B. E. Launder and D. Spalding. The numerical computation of turbulent flows. Computer methods in applied mechanics and engineering, 3(2):269{289, 1974. [OpenAIRE]

32 references, page 1 of 3
Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue