Unconventional quantized edge transport in the presence of inter-edge coupling in intercalated graphene
Condensed Matter - Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics | Condensed Matter - Strongly Correlated Electrons
It is generally believed that the inter-edge coupling destroys the quantum spin Hall (QSH) effect along with the gap opening at the Dirac points. Using first-principles calculations, we find that the quantized edge transport persists in the presence of inter-edge coupling in Ta intercalated epitaxial graphene on SiC(0001), being a QSH insulator with the non-trivial gap of 81 meV. In this case, the band is characterized by two perfect Dirac cones with different Fermi velocities, yet only one maintains the edge state feature. We attribute such an anomalous behavior to the orbital-dependent decay of edge states into the bulk, which allows the inter-edge coupling just between one pair of edge states rather than two.