Chew, Lock Yue
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology | Nonlinear Sciences - Adaptation and Self-Organizing Systems
We formulate the helicaliser, which replaces a given smooth curve by another curve that winds around it. In our analysis, we relate this formulation to the geometrical properties of the self-similar circular fractal (the discrete version of the curved helical fractal). Iterative applications of the helicaliser to a given curve yields a set of helicalisations, with the infinitely helicalised object being a fractal. We derive the Hausdorff dimension for the infinitely helicalised straight line and circle, showing that it takes the form of the self-similar dimension for a self-similar fractal, with lower bound of 1. Upper bounds to the Hausdorff dimension as functions of $\omega$ have been determined for the linear helical fractal, curved helical fractal and circular fractal, based on the no-self-intersection constraint. For large number of windings $\omega\rightarrow\infty$, the upper bounds all have the limit of 2. This would suggest that carrying out a topological analysis on the structure of chromosomes by modelling it as a two-dimensional surface may be beneficial towards further understanding on the dynamics of DNA packaging.