publication . Other literature type . 2011

Tracing the roots of European bioethics back to the Ancient Greek philosophersphysicians

Kalokairinou, Eleni M.;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jan 2011 Journal: Jahr : Europski časopis za bioetiku, volume 2, issue 2 (issn: 1847-6376, eissn: 1848-7874, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Department of Social Sciences and Medical Humanities, University of Rijeka, School of Medicine
Contrary to the usual claim that Bioethics is a contemporary discipline, I argue that its origins can be traced back to the Ancient Greek philosophers-healers. In classical antiquity philosophy was almost inseparable from medicine not only in the sense that philosophers like Empedocles, Plato and Aristotle contributed to its development, but also in that later philosophers conceived of moral principles and rules in order to prevent the physicians’ malpractice and the patients’ harassment. From this point of view, the philosophers-physicians Hippocrates, Galen and Celsus have laid the foundations of the science known under the name of "Bioethics".
free text keywords: bioethics; ancient Greek medicine; philosophers-physicians; Hippocrates
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