publication . Other literature type . Article . 2013

On Three Defenses of Sentimentalism

Noriaki Iwasa;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jan 2013 Journal: Prolegomena : Časopis za filozofiju, volume 12, issue 1 (issn: 1333-4395, eissn: 1846-0593, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Society for the Advancement of Philosophy
Abstract
This essay shows that a moral sense or moral sentiments alone cannot identify appropriate morals. To this end, the essay analyzes three defenses of Francis Hutcheson's, David Hume's, and Adam Smith's moral sense theories against the relativism charge that a moral sense or moral sentiments vary across people, societies, cultures, or times. The first defense is the claim that there is a universal moral sense or universal moral sentiments. However, even if they exist, a moral sense or moral sentiments alone cannot identify appropriate morals. The second defense is to adopt a general viewpoint theory, which identifies moral principles by taking a general viewpoint. ...
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Subjects
free text keywords: Ethics; Hume; Hutcheson; ideal observer; moral relativism; moral sense; moral sentiment; reason; Smith; universalism, Relativism, Moral reasoning, Moral authority, Moral psychology, Moral disengagement, Moral development, Sociology, Epistemology, Social cognitive theory of morality, Moral relativism
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