publication . Other literature type . Article . 2016

Plastic Pollution from Ships

Jelena Čulin; Toni Bielić;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jan 2016 Journal: Pomorski zbornik, volume 51, issue 1 (issn: 0554-6397, eissn: 1848-9052, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Croatian Assocation of Maritime Science and Transport
Abstract
<jats:p>The environmental impact of shipping on marine environment includes discharge of garbage. Plastic litter is of particular concern due to abundance, resistance to degradation and detrimental effect on marine biota. According to recently published studies, a further research is required to assess human health risk. Monitoring data indicate that despite banning plastic disposal at sea, shipping is still a source of plastic pollution. Some of the measures to combat the problem are discussed.</jats:p>
Subjects
free text keywords: plastic pollution; marine environment; shipping; MARPOL 73/78 Annex V; education; environmental awareness, Environmental impact of shipping, Waste management, Biota, Pollution, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Environmental science, Litter, Human health, Plastic pollution, Garbage
Related Organizations
41 references, page 1 of 3

1. Chen, C-L., Liu, T-K. 2013. Fill the gap: Developing management strategies to control garbage pollution from fishing vessels, Marine Policy 40: 34-40.

2. Clark, R. B. 1997. Marine Pollution. Clarendon Press, Oxford.

3. Cozar, A.; Echevaria, F.; Gonzalez-Gordillo, J. I.; Irigoien, X.; Úbeda, B.; Hernandez-Leon, S.; Palma, A. T.; Navarro, S.; García-de-Lomas, J.; Ruis, A.; Fernandez-de-Puelles, M. L.; Duarte, C. M. 2014. Plastic debris in the open ocean, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111: 10239-10244. [OpenAIRE]

4. Derraik, J. G. B. 2002. The pollution of the marine environment by plastic debris: A review, Marine Pollution Bulletin 44(9): 842-852. [OpenAIRE]

5. Eriksen, M.; Lebreton, L. C .M.; Carson, H. S.; Thiel, M.; Moore, C. J.; Borerro, J. C.; Galgani, F.; Ryan, P. G.; Reisser, J. 2014. Plastic pollution in the world's oceans: more than 5 trillion plastic pieces weighing over 250,000 tons afloat at sea, PLoS One 1-15. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/ journal.pone.0111913.

6. Gall , S. C; Thompson, R.C. 2015. The impact of debris on marine life, Marine Pollution Bulletin 92: 170-179.

7. GESAMP, 2015. Sources, fate and effects of microplastics in the marine environment: a global assessment, Kershaw, P. J.; ed. (IMO/FAO/UNESCO-IOC/UNIDO/WMO/IAEA/UN/UNEP/ UNDP Joint Group of Experts on

8. the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection). Rep. Stud. GESAMP No. 90, 96 p.

9. Gregory, R. M. 2009. Environmental implications of plastic debris in marine settings-entanglement, ingestion, smothering, hangers-on, hitch-hiking and alien invasions, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 364: 2013-2025.

10. Hagen, P. E. 1990. The International Community Confronts Plastics Pollution from Ships: MARPOL Annex V and the Problem That Won't Go Away, American University International Law Review 5(2): 425-496.

11. Henderson, J. R. 2001. A Pre- and Post-MARPOL Annex V Summary of Hawaiian Monk Seal Entanglements and Marine Debris Accumulation in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, 1982-1998, Marine Pollution Bulletin 42(7): 584-589.

12. Horsman, P.V. 1982. The amount of garbage pollution from merchant ships, Marine Pollution Bulletin 13: 167-169.

13. IMO, 2011. Amendments to the Annex of the Protocol of 1978 Relating to the International Convention for The Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973. (Revised MARPOL Annex V). MEPC.201(62)

14. IMO, 2012. 2012 Guidelines for the Implementation of MARPOL Annex V. MEPC.219(63)

15. IMO, 2015a. List of conventions and their amendments. Available from Internet: http://www. imo.org/en/About/Conventions/StatusOfConventions/Documents/List%20of%20instruments%20 as%20at%2018%20June%202015.pdf

41 references, page 1 of 3
Abstract
<jats:p>The environmental impact of shipping on marine environment includes discharge of garbage. Plastic litter is of particular concern due to abundance, resistance to degradation and detrimental effect on marine biota. According to recently published studies, a further research is required to assess human health risk. Monitoring data indicate that despite banning plastic disposal at sea, shipping is still a source of plastic pollution. Some of the measures to combat the problem are discussed.</jats:p>
Subjects
free text keywords: plastic pollution; marine environment; shipping; MARPOL 73/78 Annex V; education; environmental awareness, Environmental impact of shipping, Waste management, Biota, Pollution, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Environmental science, Litter, Human health, Plastic pollution, Garbage
Related Organizations
41 references, page 1 of 3

1. Chen, C-L., Liu, T-K. 2013. Fill the gap: Developing management strategies to control garbage pollution from fishing vessels, Marine Policy 40: 34-40.

2. Clark, R. B. 1997. Marine Pollution. Clarendon Press, Oxford.

3. Cozar, A.; Echevaria, F.; Gonzalez-Gordillo, J. I.; Irigoien, X.; Úbeda, B.; Hernandez-Leon, S.; Palma, A. T.; Navarro, S.; García-de-Lomas, J.; Ruis, A.; Fernandez-de-Puelles, M. L.; Duarte, C. M. 2014. Plastic debris in the open ocean, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111: 10239-10244. [OpenAIRE]

4. Derraik, J. G. B. 2002. The pollution of the marine environment by plastic debris: A review, Marine Pollution Bulletin 44(9): 842-852. [OpenAIRE]

5. Eriksen, M.; Lebreton, L. C .M.; Carson, H. S.; Thiel, M.; Moore, C. J.; Borerro, J. C.; Galgani, F.; Ryan, P. G.; Reisser, J. 2014. Plastic pollution in the world's oceans: more than 5 trillion plastic pieces weighing over 250,000 tons afloat at sea, PLoS One 1-15. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/ journal.pone.0111913.

6. Gall , S. C; Thompson, R.C. 2015. The impact of debris on marine life, Marine Pollution Bulletin 92: 170-179.

7. GESAMP, 2015. Sources, fate and effects of microplastics in the marine environment: a global assessment, Kershaw, P. J.; ed. (IMO/FAO/UNESCO-IOC/UNIDO/WMO/IAEA/UN/UNEP/ UNDP Joint Group of Experts on

8. the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection). Rep. Stud. GESAMP No. 90, 96 p.

9. Gregory, R. M. 2009. Environmental implications of plastic debris in marine settings-entanglement, ingestion, smothering, hangers-on, hitch-hiking and alien invasions, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 364: 2013-2025.

10. Hagen, P. E. 1990. The International Community Confronts Plastics Pollution from Ships: MARPOL Annex V and the Problem That Won't Go Away, American University International Law Review 5(2): 425-496.

11. Henderson, J. R. 2001. A Pre- and Post-MARPOL Annex V Summary of Hawaiian Monk Seal Entanglements and Marine Debris Accumulation in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, 1982-1998, Marine Pollution Bulletin 42(7): 584-589.

12. Horsman, P.V. 1982. The amount of garbage pollution from merchant ships, Marine Pollution Bulletin 13: 167-169.

13. IMO, 2011. Amendments to the Annex of the Protocol of 1978 Relating to the International Convention for The Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973. (Revised MARPOL Annex V). MEPC.201(62)

14. IMO, 2012. 2012 Guidelines for the Implementation of MARPOL Annex V. MEPC.219(63)

15. IMO, 2015a. List of conventions and their amendments. Available from Internet: http://www. imo.org/en/About/Conventions/StatusOfConventions/Documents/List%20of%20instruments%20 as%20at%2018%20June%202015.pdf

41 references, page 1 of 3
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publication . Other literature type . Article . 2016

Plastic Pollution from Ships

Jelena Čulin; Toni Bielić;