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Publication . Other literature type . 1967

The prevalence of neuroses in some enterprises in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Olga Maček; A. Marjanac;
Open Access   Bosnian  
Published: 01 Jan 1967 Journal: Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, volume 18, issue 4 (issn: 0004-1254, eissn: 1848-6312, Copyright policy )
Publisher: Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health
Country: Croatia
Abstract
Izvedena je pilotska studija prevalencije neuroza na uzorku radnika i radnica iz 9 poduzeća u Bosni i Hercegovini. Ispitivanje je izvršeno primjenom epidemiološke metode, a obuhvatilo je 966 radnika (604 žene i 362 muškarca) u dobi od 21 do 55 godina. Ispitivanjem je utvrđena prevalencija neuroza i neurotičnih simptoma sa stopom od 29.3% kod ispitivanih muškaraca i 58,5% kod ispitanih žena; u tim je grupama utvrđeno težih neuroza 9,7% kod ispitanih muškaraca i 14,9% kod ispitanih žena. Ti su rezultati ispitivanja prevalencije neuroza u ispitivanim grupama statistički značajni (P < 0,05). Dijagnoza teže neuroze, lakše neuroze i nalaz bez neuroze, te spola, prikazani su u odnosu na bolovanje ispitanika od fizičkih (organskih) bolesti i ozljeda, u odnosu na nastanjenost u gradu ili na selu, na dob, bračno stanje, nadalje u odnosu na subjektivno mišljenje ispitanika o svom ekonomskom stanju, o stavu prema radnoj grupi i prema svom radu, u odnosu na buku na radnome mjestu i na učestalost posjeta ordinaciji zdravstvene stanice. Prikazani su rezultati ispitivanja i istaknute značajnosti razlika između pojedinih grupa.
A pilot study into the prevalence of neuroses was carried out on a sample of 966 workers (604 females and 362 males) aged 21-55 in 9 enterprises in Bosnia and Herzegovina using the epidemiological method. The prevalence of neuroses and neurotic symptoms was determined in 29,3 per cent of male and 58,5 per cent of female subjects examined. Severe neuroses were found in 9,7 per cent of males and in 14,9 per cent of females. These results are statistically significant (P < 0,05). The findings of severe neuroses, mild neuroses and no neuroses as well as data about the sex of examined workers were studied in relation to the following factors: absenteeism due to physical illnesses and injuries, urban or rural place of residence. age, marital status, the subjects opinion about his economic status, his attitude toward the working group and the job. The factors of noise exposure and frequency of subject's visits to his physician have also been taken into account. The results of the study are presented and the significance of differences between the groups is emphasized.
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