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Nomenklatura (imenovanje) i grafičko prikazivanje kemijski modificiranih polimera (IUPAC-ove preporuke 2014.)

Authors: Vida Jarm;

Nomenklatura (imenovanje) i grafičko prikazivanje kemijski modificiranih polimera (IUPAC-ove preporuke 2014.)

Abstract

A new source-based nomenclature system is described which indicates that a particular polymer has been chemically modified. A connective within the name of a polymer, -mod-, is introduced for this purpose as in poly[(A)-mod-(B)]. The system is intended to be used in accordance with source-based naming of polymers but also provides for the use of structure-based names when it is unavoidable. It embraces: (1) modification of a constitutional unit into another, the unique structure of which is known; and (2) a more general modification of a constitutional unit resulting in any one of a number of possible structures. In addition, a new symbol, ∼>, is proposed for use in graphic representations of the structure of modified polymers.

Opisan je novi sustav nomenklature (imenovanja) na osnovi podrijetla za polimere koji su kemijski modificirani. U tu je svrhu u ime polimera uvedena poveznica -mod-, npr. poli[(A)-mod-(B)]. Sustav se primjenjuje u skladu s nomenklaturom polimera na osnovi podrijetla, ali predviđa, kada je to neizbježno, i imenovanje polimera na osnovi strukture. Sustav uključuje: (1) modifikaciju konstitucijske jedinice u drugu jedinicu poznate strukture; (2) općenitiju modifikaciju konstitucijske jedinice kojom nastaje bilo koja od više mogućih struktura. Uveden je i novi simbol, ~>, za uporabu pri grafičkom prikazivanju strukture modificiranih polimera.

Country
Croatia
Keywords

chemical modification; copolymer; graphic representation; IUPAC Chemical Nomenclature and Structure Representation Division; IUPAC Polymer Division; partial modification, djelomična modifikacija; grafičko prikazivanje; IUPAC-ov Odjel za nomenklaturu i prikazivanje strukture; IUPAC-ov Odjel za polimere; kemijska modifikacija; kopolimer

19 references, page 1 of 2

1. W. O. Herrmann, W. Hähnel (Consortium für Elektrochemische Industrie), Ger. Pat. 450,286 (1924).

2. W. Hähnel, W. O. Herrmann (Consortium für Elektrochemische Industrie), Ger. Pat. 450,866 (1924).

3. D. M. McQueen (E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Co., Inc.), U. S. Pat. 2,212,786 (Aug. 27, 1940).

4. O. Bayer, W. Becker (Bayer AG), U.S. Pat. 2,748,105 (May 29, 1956).

5. IUPAC. Compendium of Polymer Terminology and Nomenclature. IUPAC Recommendations 2008 (the “Purple Book”), R. G. Jones, J. Kahovec, R. Stepto, E. S. Wilks, M. Hess, T. Kitayama, W. V. Metanomski (Eds.), with advices from A. Jenkins, P. Kratochvíl, RSC Publishing, Cambridge, UK (2009).

6. J. L. Schulz, E. S. Wilks, pretisak kao poglavlje 14 u lit.5

7. J. Kahovec, R. B. Fox, K. Hatada, Nomenclature For Regular Single-Strand Organic Polymers. IUPAC Recommendations 2002, Pure Appl. Chem. 74 (10)(2002) 1921-1956, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1351/pac200274101921. Pretisak kao poglavlje 15 u lit.5 Hrvatski prijevod: V. Jarm, Nomenklatura pravilnih jednonitnih organskih polimera. Preporuke IUPAC 2002., preporuke HDKI i HKD 2005., Kem. Ind. 55 (2) (2006) 81-104.

8. N. Platé, I. M. Papisov, A Classification of Linear Sinn - gle-Strand Polymers. IUPAC Recommendations 1988, Pure Appl. Chem. 61 (2) (1989) 243-254. Hrvatski prijevod: V. Jarm, Podjela linearnih jednonitnih polimera. Preporuke IUPAC 1988., preporuke HDKI i HKD 1992., Kem. Ind. 42 (2) (1993) B31-B37.

9. L. G. Donaruna, B. P. Block, K. L. Loening, N. Platé, T. Tsuruta, K. Ch. Buschbeck, W. H. Powell, J. Reedijk, Nomenclature for Regular Single-Strand and Quasi-Single-Strand Inorganic and Coordation Polymers. IUPAC Recommendations 1984, Pure Appl. Chem. 57 (1) (1985) 149-168. Hrvatski prijevod: V. Jarm, Nomenklatura pravilnih jednonitnih i kvazijednonitnih anorganskih i koordinacijskih polimera. Preporuke IUPAC 1984., preporuke HDKI i HKD 1992., Kem. Ind. 42 (2) (1993) B21-B31.

10. W. Ring, I. Mita, A. D. Jenkins, N. M. Bikales, Source-Based Nomenclature for Copolymers. IUPAC Recommendations 1985, Pure Appl. Chem. 57 (10) (1985) 1427-1440. Pretisak kao poglavlje 19 u lit.5 Hrvatski prijevod: V.Jarm, Z. Smolčić Žerdik†, Nomenklatura kopolimera na osnovi njihova podrijetla. Preporuke IUPAC 1985., preporuke HDKI i HKD 1988., Kem. Ind. 37 (11) (1988) B23-B32.

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    Average
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
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    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
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