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Mjesna klauza i prostor u bosanskome jeziku

Authors: Mirela Omerović;

Mjesna klauza i prostor u bosanskome jeziku

Abstract

The paper will discuss the relationship between a language and space and the elaboration of such spatial relationship at the level of a complex sentence with a spatial clause. Within the semantic cases of the spatial relationships – locative, ablative, adlative and perlative – there are certain submeanings that are encoded at the level of a complex sentence with a spatial clause in different ways. Unlike case-marked prepositonal constructions, in which spatial relations are expressed by case meaning and prepositions, these spatial relationships at the level of a complex sentence are generally indicated by conjuctions, and then by antecedents and postcedents to which the conjunctions refer. The spatial clauses in the complex sentence are introduced by relative adverbs, which express different types and subtypes of spatial relations with their lexical and semantic properties. When we talk about spatial relations at the level of a complex sentence, the spatial clause is a prototype and specific in the formally grammatical plan as compared to the other types of dependent clauses. We will also compare the spatial clauses with relative clauses introduced by relative adverbs.

U radu će se govoriti o odnosu jezika i prostora i elaboraciji takvog prostornog odnosa na razini zavisnosložene rečenice s mjesnom klauzom. U okviru semantičkih padeža za označavanje prostornih odnosa – lokativa, ablativa, adlativa i perlativa – izdvajaju se određeni podznačenjski tipovi koji se na razini složene rečenice s mjesnom klauzom kodiraju na različite načine. Za razliku od prijedložno-padežnih konstrukcija, u kojima su prostorni odnosi najprije iskazani padežnim značenjima i prijedlozima, na razini složene rečenice ti se prostorni odnosi označavaju uglavnom veznim sredstvima, a potom i antecedentima i postcedentima na koje vezno sredstvo upućuje. Mjesne klauze u složenu rečenicu uvode se odnosnim prilozima, koji svojim leksičkosemantičkim svojstvima iskazuju različite tipove i podtipove prostornih odnosa. Zato mjesna jeste prototipna kad je riječ o prostornim odnosima na razini složene rečenice, ali je i specifična na formalno-gramatičkom planu u odnosu na ostale tipove zavisnih klauza. S tim u vezi, usporedit će se i s atributnom klauzom uvedenom odnosnim prilozima.

Country
Croatia
Keywords

prostor; mjesna klauza; veznici; odnosni prilozi; lokativ; ablativ; adlativ; perlativ, space; spatial clause; conjunctions; relative adverbs; locative; ablative; adlative; perlative

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  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    0
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
0
Average
Average
Average
gold