publication . Other literature type . Article . 2015

Return migration of highly skilled scientists and engineers to Morocco : return or circulation ?

Anne-Marie Gaillard; Jacques Gaillard;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Jan 2015
  • Country: United States
Abstract
The qualification level of the emigrating Moroccans rose steadily in the 1990s, and especially since the year 2000. At present, an estimated 20 per cent of the highly qualified Moroccans live abroad. Student migration, which accounts for a large part of this 20 per cent, is contributing substantially to keeping this level high. For the last 20 years Morocco has been testing actions to mobilise and reconnect its S&T diaspora. The related special programmes and institutions are discussed and analysed in this article. Results are mixed, especially if measured against the original goals and the high expectations of the MREs (Marocains Residant a l'Etranger: Moroccan...
Subjects
free text keywords: RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE, MIGRATION INTERNATIONALE, DIASPORA, EXODE DES COMPETENCES, SOCIOLOGIE DE LA SCIENCE, POLITIQUE DE LA SCIENCE, MIGRATION DE RETOUR, Social science, Economic growth, Student migration, Economics
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