publication . Article . Other literature type . 2012

Bottom-up approach to sustainable urban development in Lebanon: The case of Zouk Mosbeh

Jean-Pierre El Asmar; John Ebohon; A. H. Taki;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Feb 2012 Journal: Sustainable Cities and Society, volume 2, pages 37-44 (issn: 2210-6707, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Elsevier BV
  • Country: United Kingdom
Abstract In contrast with the “top-down” approach to development, the dominant methodology in Lebanon, I emphasize rather the “bottom-up” approach where all stakeholders have equal opportunities to participate in policy formulation and implementation. The bottom-up or participatory approach to sustainable development has hardly been tested for urban development and management in Lebanon. This research concerns the sustainable rehabilitation of the built environment in the area of Zouk Mosbeh (ZM) in Lebanon. This area of Lebanon as with most other parts of the country suffered extensive infrastructure damage and displacement of people during the civil war. Since...
Persistent Identifiers
free text keywords: Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment, Geography, Planning and Development, Civil and Structural Engineering, Transportation, Top-down approach, Participatory approach, Urban planning, Environmental resource management, business.industry, business, Environmental planning, Sustainable development, Engineering, Citizen journalism, Developing country, Government, Built environment, Command and control, Sustainability
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