publication . Article . 2012

Probabilities, beliefs, and dual processing: the paradigm shift in the psychology of reasoning

Elqayam, Shira; Over, D. E.;
Open Access English
  • Published: 03 Mar 2012
  • Publisher: Springer
  • Country: United Kingdom
Abstract
In recent years, the psychology of reasoning has been undergoing a paradigm shift, with general Bayesian, probabilistic approaches replacing the older, much more restricted binary logic paradigm. At the same time, dual processing theories have been gaining influence. We argue that these developments should be integrated and moreover that such integration is already underway. The new reasoning paradigm should be grounded in dual processing for its algorithmic level of analysis just as it uses Bayesian theory for its computational level of analysis. Moreover, we propose that, within the new paradigm, these levels of analysis reflect on each other. Bayesianism sugg...
Subjects
free text keywords: Algorithmic and computational levels of explanation, Bayesianism, binary logic, degrees of belief, dual processing, new paradigm, probabilities, uncertainty, Philosophy, Experimental and Cognitive Psychology, Social Sciences (miscellaneous), Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous), Social Psychology, Duality (optimization), Bayesian probability, Artificial intelligence, business.industry, business, Philosophy of science, Psychology of reasoning, Probabilistic logic, Level of analysis, Paradigm shift, Computer science
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publication . Article . 2012

Probabilities, beliefs, and dual processing: the paradigm shift in the psychology of reasoning

Elqayam, Shira; Over, D. E.;