Epstein-Barr virus is an ubiquitous humanpathogenic herpesvirus. It has been identified as the etiologic agent of infectious mononucleosis. In addition it is associated with the cancers nasopharyngeal carcinoma and Burkitt's lymphoma. Like other herpesviruses it infects cells in a lytic way or it persists in a latent state. Classically, the serologic diagnosis of Epstein-Barr virus infections is done by the agglutination of sheep erythrocytes according to Paul and Bunnell as a rapid testing method, and with the immunofluorescence assay. Lately, also the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay using recombinant viral antigens is used for Epstein-Barr virus diagnostics.
Medical Subject Headings: hemic and lymphatic diseasesviruses