Pushing the volcanic explosivity index to its limit and beyond: constraints from exceptionally weak explosive eruptions at Kīlauea in 2008

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Houghton, B.F.; Swanson, D.A.; Rausch, Juanita; Carey, R.J.; Fagents, S.A.; Orr, T.R.;

Estimating the mass, volume, and dispersal of the deposits of very small and/or extremely weak explosive eruptions is difficult, unless they can be sampled on eruption. During explosive eruptions of Halema'uma'u Crater (Kīlauea, Hawaii) in 2008, we constrained for the f... View more
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