publication . Article . 2014

Cross-cultural validation of the positivity-scale in five European countries

Maria Giovanna Caprara; Guido Alessandri; Tobias Heikamp; Gisela Trommsdorff; Mariola Laguna; Vesna Petrovic;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Jan 2014 Journal: Personality and Individual Differences, volume 71, pages 140-145 (issn: 0191-8869, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Elsevier BV
  • Country: Germany
Abstract The aim of the present paper was to test the cross-cultural validity of the Positivity-Scale ( P-Scale ), a new questionnaire designed for the measurement of positivity (i.e., general tendency to evaluate self, life, and future in a positive way). Participants ( N  = 3544) from Italy, Germany, Spain, Poland, and Serbia answered eight items of the P-Scale and responded to items from other well-validated measures. Confirmatory Factor Analysis supported the assumed one-factor structure of the P-Scale and demonstrated its gender invariance in each country and cross-cultural validity. Correlation analyses revealed significant and positive associations of the...
free text keywords: General Psychology, positivity, depression, Lebensqualität [gnd], Positives Denken [gnd], Depression [gnd], Validität [gnd], Fragebogen [gnd], Persönlichkeit [gnd], Kulturvergleich [gnd], Convergent validity, Construct validity, Life satisfaction, Well-being, Optimism, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Measurement invariance, Confirmatory factor analysis, Psychology, Social psychology, Cross-cultural, ddc:150
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