publication . Article . Other literature type . 2010

A meta-analysis of trait differences between invasive and non-invasive plant species

Markus Fischer; Ewald Weber; Mark van Kleunen;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Feb 2010 Journal: Ecology Letters, volume 13, pages 235-245 (issn: 1461-023X, eissn: 1461-0248, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Country: Germany
Abstract
A major aim in ecology is identifying determinants of invasiveness. We performed a meta-analysis of 117 field or experimental-garden studies that measured pair-wise trait differences of a total of 125 invasive and 196 non-invasive plant species in the invasive range of the invasive species. We tested whether invasiveness is associated with performance-related traits (physiology, leaf-area allocation, shoot allocation, growth rate, size and fitness), and whether such associations depend on type of study and on biogeographical or biological factors. Overall, invasive species had significantly higher values than non-invasive species for all six trait categories. Mo...
Subjects
free text keywords: Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics, comparative studies, exotic species, functional traits, invasiveness, literature review, non-indigenous species, non-native species, Institut für Biochemie und Biologie, Trait, Alien species, Ecology, Invasive species, Plant species, Temperate climate, Meta-analysis, Non invasive, Introduced species, Biology, ddc:570
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