Directed forgetting of complex pictures in an item method paradigm

Article English OPEN
Hauswald, Anne ; Kissler, Johanna (2008)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1080/09658210802169087
  • Subject: childhood stress | Complex pictures | Directed forgetting | Item method
    • ddc: ddc:150
    mesheuropmc: behavioral disciplines and activities

An item-cued directed forgetting paradigm was used to investigate the ability to control episodic memory and selectively encode complex coloured pictures. A series of photographs was presented to 21 participants who were instructed to either remember or forget each picture after it was presented. Memory performance was later tested with a recognition task where all presented items had to be retrieved, regardless of the initial instructions. A directed forgetting effect that is, better recognition of "to-be-remembered" than of "to-be-forgotten" pictures was observed, although its size was smaller than previously reported for words or line drawings. The magnitude of the directed forgetting effect correlated negatively with participants' depression and dissociation scores. The results indicate that, at least in an item method, directed forgetting occurs for complex pictures as well as words and simple line drawings. Furthermore, people with higher levels of dissociative or depressive symptoms exhibit altered memory encoding patterns.
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