publication . Article . 2009

What is Science? Defining Science by Numbers, 1920-2000 (part 1)

Benoit Godin;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Jan 2009 Journal: Foresight-Russia, volume 3, issue 2, pages 48-60
Abstract
The quest for the definition of science took up scientific minds long ago. Different epochs and philosophical schools developed their own interpretations of the term which quite often were in the center of scientific debates. Nevertheless, the beginning of the 20th century gave rise to a new – official – definition which was to help state bodies in measuring and estimating the effect R&D activities had on the economy and society. The fact should be mentioned that this definition has never been systematically examined. Thus, this paper attempts to fill the gap. Its first part (published in the given issue) documents how research became the central concept for mea...
Subjects
free text keywords: research and development; statistical measurement, jel:O38
58 references, page 1 of 4

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58 references, page 1 of 4
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