Indian women, health, and productivity

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Chatterjee, Meera;
(1990)
  • Subject: Health Monitoring&Evaluation,Adolescent Health,Population&Development,Demographics,Early Child and Children's Health

The relationship between women's health and their (physical and economic) productivity is complex and multi-dimensional. It is characterized by"flows"in both directions and a host of intervening factors. Two simple statements summarize the major directional flows: (a) w... View more
  • References (83)
    83 references, page 1 of 9

    II. Female and Maie Mortality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 A. Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 B. Mortality Levels and Trends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 - Sex Ratio and Mortality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 - Regional Variations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 - Declining Mortality Trends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 - Life Expectancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 - Mat..nal Mort&aity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 C. Socio-Economic Determinants of Mortality . . . . . . . . 8

    III. Morbidity and Malnutrition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 A. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 B. Causes of Death . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 C. Morbidity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . 13 D. Nutritional Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 E. Dietary Intake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 F. Micro-Nutrient Deficiencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 C. Female Nutrition and Low Birth Weight . . . . . . . . . . 21

    IV. Women's Work and Health . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 A. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 R NtilritionalEnergy for Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 C. Effects of Health on Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 D. Occupational Health Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 - Maternity Benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 E. Women's Work and Household Nutrition . . . . . . . . . . 30 F. Women's Decision-Making Role . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 C. Women's Time Allocation to Productive/Domestic Work . . . 33 H. Other Benefits to Health of Women's Work . . . . . . . . 37

    V. Marriage and Fertility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 A. Mean Age at Marriage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 B. Fertility Rates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 C. Mortality-Fertility Relationships . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 D. Social and Economic Phenomena Linking Nutrition, Health and Fertility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 - Economic Utility of Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 - Women's Seclusion: The Inside-Outside Dichotomy . . 47

    VI. Women's Use of Health Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 A. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 B. DifferentialTreatment................ . 50 C. Mother'sAccess to Child Health Care . . . . . . . . . . 52 D. Female Education:An ImportantDeterminantof Health . . 53 E. Girls' Schoolingvs. Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 F. Family PlanningPractice ..... . . . . .. . . . . . 58

    VII. Health Servicesfor 'Women. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 A. AvailableHealth Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 B. Impedimentsto Women's Access to Health Care. . . . . . . 60 - Critical Practical Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 - Key Conceptual Inadequacies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61

    VIII. Points of Intervention ............ . 64 A. Introduction .......... ... ... ... .. . 64 B. Areas for Action ........ ... .. ... .. .. . 64 C. SpecificHealth Sector InterventionsRecommended. . . . . 65

    1. RelationshipsBetweenWomen's Productivity, Women's Health and Family Health . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

    2. Female Male Ratio in India, by Region . . . . . . . . . 5

    3. Female/MaleDistributionof Childrenin Income Groups by Grade of Malnutrition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

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