publication . Report . Preprint . 1991

Do OSHA Inspections Reduce Injuries? A Panel Analysis

Wayne B. Gray; John T. Scholz;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Jul 1991
  • Publisher: National Bureau of Economic Research
Abstract
Using data on injuries and OSHA inspections for 6,842 large manufacturing plants between 1979 and 1985, we find evidence that OSHA inspections significantly reduce injuries. This effect comes exclusively from inspections that impose penalties, inspections which do not impose penalties appear to have no effect on injuries. Plants which are inspected (and penalized) in a given year experience a 22 percent decline in their injuries during the following few years. In our sample, total OSHA enforcement is predicted to have reduced injuries by about 2 percent. We take advantage of the panel nature of our data to test for a number of potential biases: autocorrelated in...
Subjects
Medical Subject Headings: stomatognathic diseaseseducationhumanities
free text keywords: Variables, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Panel analysis, Enforcement, Engineering, business.industry, business, Deterrence theory, Operations management, Endogeneity
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publication . Report . Preprint . 1991

Do OSHA Inspections Reduce Injuries? A Panel Analysis

Wayne B. Gray; John T. Scholz;