publication . Article . Preprint . 2001

Agriculture and economic development in sub‐Saharan Africa and Asia

Massoud Karshenas;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 May 2001 Journal: Cambridge Journal of Economics, volume 25, pages 315-342 (eissn: 1464-3545, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)
This paper is a comparative study of the role of agriculture in economic development in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. Popular notions of economic duality and agricultural squeeze in sub-Saharan Africa are re-examined, and new explanations in terms of agrarian structures and resource availabilities are put forward to account for the apparent economic duality in that continent. Comparison with surplus labour economies of Asia highlights the constraints posed by the prevailing agrarian structures for capital accumulation and industrialization in post colonial sub-Saharan Africa. Policy conclusions from this new perspective are contrasted to the conventional policies...
free text keywords: jel:O, jel:P, jel:Q

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Africa 861 2459 2506 162 349 494 109

Asia 433 901 2037 107 206 509 87

between the Means 3.95 4.48 0.53 2.43 3.21 -0.13 1.60

Notes: 1. Consumption wages are indices whith Asia median=100, evaluated at PPP consumption exchange rate. 2. Wages deflated by domestic consumer price index. Indeces refer to period averages. Source: UNIDO, INDSTAT 1996, World Penn Tables Mark 5.6, and World Economic Indicators, World Bank. Manufacturing Export Shares 1970-75 1980-85 1990-93

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