The paper examines the determinants of school enrollment in Pakistan. The likelihood of school enrollment is estimated using separate logistic regression models for three different age groups. The empirical results indicate severe gender disparity in school enrollment across all age groups, particularly among the older age groups. Although the rate of school enrollment is positively associated with household income, the gender disparity actually deteriorates with an increase in household income for the middle-income households. This study failed to find any evidence that gender disparity can be attributed to discrimination in intra-household resource allocation.
free text keywords: School enrollment, Gender disparity, Household allocation of resources, Odds ratio, Logistic regression, Non-parametric plot.