publication . Preprint . 2001

Food Security Strategies for Vanuatu

Welegtabit, Shadrack R.;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Jan 2001
Abstract
This report describes and analyzes food security conditions and policies in Vanuatu. The national food security systems are dualistic in nature, and the rural and urban food security systems are weakly related. Household food security in rural areas is primarily determined by access to arable land and fishery resources, whereas in urban areas household food security is primarily determined by access to employment. Household food security has been a concern in both rural and urban areas. Both under nutrition and over nutrition are highly relevant indicators that nutritional food security is an important issue in the country.
Subjects
free text keywords: food security, Food Security and Poverty,
35 references, page 1 of 3

3.1 Domestic food production ........................................................................................ 7 3.2 Food exports and imports ......................................................................................... 9 3.3 Food marketing and distribution ............................................................................... 11 3.3.1 Village local rural markets ............................................................................... 11 3.3.2 Island local rural markets ................................................................................. 12 3.3.3 Urban domestic markets ................................................................................... 12 3.3.4 Export markets ................................................................................................. 12 3.4 Food availability and demand ................................................................................... 12 3.5 Food prices ............................................................................................................... 15 Food Security Condition and Problems

4.1 Food security condition ............................................................................................. 17 4.2 Long-term food security issues ................................................................................. 18 4.2.1 Rapid population growth................................................................................... 18 4.2.2 Migration and urbanization .............................................................................. 19 4.2.3 Changing dietary pattern and dependency on imports ..................................... 20 4.2.4 Increasing nutritional problems ....................................................................... 21 4.2.5 Increasing land pressure ................................................................................... 23 4.2.6 Declining soil fertility ...................................................................................... 25 4.3 Risk-coping systems ................................................................................................. 25 Policy, Information and Research Implications

5.1 Dual approach: rural and urban ................................................................................. 27 5.1.1 Rural areas ....................................................................................................... 27 5.1.2 Urban areas ...................................................................................................... 28 5.2 Sustainable food production ..................................................................................... 30 5.3 Research and development in the food sector ........................................................... 31 5.4 Food import policy .................................................................................................... 32 Chapter 3

Table 3.1 Food crop yield estimates in Vanuatu ........................................................................... 7 Table 3.2 Selected food crop and livestock production in rural Vanuatu..................................... 8 Table 3.3 Food exports in Vanuatu, 1989-1999 ............................................................................ 9 Table 3.4 Vanuatu's food imports 1980-1999 ............................................................................... 10 Table 3.5 Expenditure shares on different food items in urban Vanuatu, 1985. .......................... 13 Table 3.6 Urban household income and expenditure on food, 1985. ........................................... 14 Table 3.7 Pattern of urban household expenditure, 1985. ............................................................. 14 Table 3.8 Average prices of selected foods (vatu per kilogram) in Port Vila, 1980-1994........... 15 Chapter 3

Figure 3.1 Food imports as a percentage of total imports, 1980-1999........................................... 10 Figure 3.2 Average prices of selected commodities in Port Vila, 1980-1994................................ 15 Alderman, H.; and Garcia, M. 1993. Poverty, Household Food Security, and Nutrition in Rural Pakistan, Research Report 96. International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, D.C.

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35 references, page 1 of 3
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