publication . Preprint . 2014

Nonmedical Prescription Drug Use: Theory and Policy Implications

Gabriele Camera; Bryan Engelhardt;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Aug 2014
The illicit nonmedical use of prescription drugs is studied in a model where individuals with imperfectly observable health conditions seek prescription drugs for either medical or nonmedical reasons. The equilibrium number of medical and nonmedical users is endogenous and depends on economic and non-economic barriers to drugs consumption, such as pricing, health care costs, refill policies, monitoring programs, and the medical community’s prescription standards. The results show policies centered around raising economic barriers reduces nonmedical use but inhibits medical use due to imperfect screening. Alternatively, the results suggest a national drug registr...
free text keywords: abuse, doctors, drugs, illegal drug use, health, medication, pain, search, jel:D83, jel:I1, jel:I11, jel:I18

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Drug Demand: Illicit 3.6 3.6 3.6 0.3 0 3.6 Licit 25.4 25.4 25.4 25.4 25.4 25.4 Access to drugs: Illicit 72.6 6.6 3.5 6.6 6.6 32.3 Licit 98.5 98.6 98.6 98.6 98.6 96.1 Drug consumption: Total 27.6 25.3 25.1 25 25 25.5 Illicit 2.6 0.2 0.1 0 0 1.2 Licit 25 25 25 25 25 24.4 Note to Table 4: The benchmark, or calibrated environment with no drug registry, is equivalent to setting bi = 0 or l = ¥. The average number of days that a nonmedical drug users is kept on the registry is 1=l . For 0 < f and b0 < 1 and by > 0 we set the registry to six months. For b0 < 1 and by > 0 we set f = 0.

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