The Diffusion of Military Dictatorships

Preprint OPEN
Raul Caruso ; Ilaria Petrarca ; Roberto Ricciuti (2012)
  • Subject: Military rule, Africa, diffusion of government institutions.
    • jel: jel:P48 | jel:Q34 | jel:D74

We show the existence of a diffusion process of military dictatorships in Sub-Saharan Africa from 1972 through 2007, using panel data probit estimation and a Markov chain transition model. This process is shortly-lived, since we observe an overall trend that reduces the number of military regimes. We also find that Manufacturing share of GDP, Primary share of GDP positively affect the probability of military dictatorship, and Openness to trade, whereas the British colonial origin are negatively associated.
  • References (13)
    13 references, page 1 of 2

    Fjelde H., (2010), Generals, dictators and kings: Authoritarian regimes and civil conflict, 1973-2004, Conflict Management and Peace Science, vol. 27, n.3, pp. 195-218

    Gandhi, J. (2008). Political Institutions under Dictatorship. New York: Cambridge University Press.

    Geddes, B. (1999). What Do We Know about Democratization after Twenty Years, Annual Review of Political Science 2: 115-144.

    Geddes, B. (2003). Paradigms and Sand Castles: Theory Building and Research Design in Comparative Politics, Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.

    Geddes, B., Wright, J. and Frantz, E. (2012). Autocratic Regimes Dataset,

    Ghosn, F., Palmer G., and Bremer, S. (2004). The MID3 Data Set, 1993-2001: Procedures, Coding Rules, and Description, Conflict Management and Peace Science, 21:133-154

    Gleditsch, K.S., and Ward, M.D. (2006). The Diffusion of Democracy and the International Context of Democratization. International Organization, 60: 911-933.

    Jackman, R. (1978). The Predictability of Coups d'Etat: a Model with African Data. American Political Science Review 72: 1262- 1275.

    Hadenius, A. and Teorell, J. (2007). Pathways from Authoritarianism, Journal of Democracy 18: 143-156.

    Heston H., Summers R. and Aten B. (2009). Penn World Table Version 6.3, Center for International Comparisons of Production, Income and Prices at the University of Pennsylvania.

  • Metrics
    No metrics available
Share - Bookmark