The Effects of Automobile Recalls on the Severity of Accidents

Preprint OPEN
Hugo Benitez-Silva; Yong-Kyun Bae;
(2010)
  • Subject: Automobile Recalls, Safety Regulation, Vehicle Defects, Car Accidents.
    • jel: jel:L51 | jel:L62

The number of automobile recalls in the U.S. has substantially increased over the last two decades, and after a record of over 30 million cars recalled in 2004, in the last few years it has consistently reached between 15 and 17 million, and in 2009 alone 16.4 million c... View more
  • References (20)
    20 references, page 1 of 2

    1While it is possible to find cases of large recalls which were linked to few complaints and even fewer accidents or fatalities, this should not be taken as evidence that these problems are not serious. If we naively believe that the probability of recall-related accidents are too low, and we leave in the hands of the manufacturers the mandate of not putting unsafe vehicles on the road, the price to pay will likely be preventable accidents, injuries, and lives. At the very least the profession should seriously tackle the question of understanding the effects of recalls, this paper is a rare step in this direction, and we hope our work encourages others to research this issue.

    2Motor Vehicle Defects and Safety Recalls: What Every Vehicle Owner Should Know, NHTSA, 2009.

    3These papers include Jarrell and Peltzman (1985), Crafton, Hoffer, and Reilly (1981), Hartman (1987), Hoffer, Pruitt, and Reilly (1994), Huble and Arndt (1996), Marino (1997), Rupp and Taylor (2002), Rhee and Haunschild (2003), and Bates et al. (2007). 0 ! 1 0 ! 1 0 ! 1 0 ! 1 Marginal Marginal 0 ! 1

    5 6 7 8 Months after model introduction [1] Ashenfelter, Orley., Greenstone, Michael: “Using Mandated Speed Limits to Measure the Value

    of a Statistical Life.”, NBER Working Paper No. w9094, (2002) [8] Evans, Leonard: “Traffic Crashes”, American Scientists, vol. 90, 244-253, (2002). [9] Gould, William., and Sribney, William: Maximum Likelihood Estimation with Stata, Stata

    Corporation, College Station, Texas, 1999. [10] Greene, William H: Econometric Analysis, Upper Saddle River, New Jursey: Prentice Hall, 2000. [11] Hartman, Raymond S., “Product Quality and Market Efficiency: The Effect of Product Recalls

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    (1987), 367-372. [12] Hoffer, George E., Pruitt, Stephen W., and Reilly, Robert J: “When Recalls Matter: Factors

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    96-106. [13] Huble, Norma F., Arndt, Mark W: “A Review of Crash Data Analysis in a Defect and Recall

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