publication . Preprint . 2012

Strengthening smooth transition from the least developed country category

Secretariat of the Committee for Development Policy;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Feb 2012
Abstract
This report makes some preliminary suggestions for actions to be taken by the international development community and the graduating countries to strengthen the process of preparing for graduation from the least developed country (LDC) category.The report also offers concrete proposals for addressing in a systematic manner, the current concerns among LDCs about the ad-hoc nature of the extension and phasing out of measures provided by certain development and trading partners.
Subjects
free text keywords: least-developed countries, smooth transition, official development aid, trade preferences, special and differential treatment, jel:F13, jel:F35, jel:O19

Graduating from the LDC category................................................................................. 1 Incentives and strengthening the smooth transition process ............................................ 3 Implementing the transition strategy and phasing out LDC specific support measures: An incomplete process........................................................................ 7

11 CDP Secretariat (2011), Survey on International Support Measures related to WTO provisions and Preferential Market Access for LDCs. Summary and Analysis of Responses by LDCs, and Ana L. Cortez (2011), Beyond market access: Traderelated measures for the least developed countries. What strategy? DESA Working Paper Series, ST/ESA/2011/DWP/109, December. Available at http://www.un.org/esa/desa/papers/2011/wp109_2011.pdf

12 Negotiations are ongoing in the WTO concerning a monitoring mechanism of special and diferential treatment (SDTs) provisions in the WTO. These negotiations, however, are not and should not related be to the gradual phasing out of LDC specific SDTs.

13 OECD. Statistics on Resource Flows to Developing Countries. Available at http://www.oecd.org/document/9/0,3746, en_2649_34447_1893129_1_1_1_1,00.html.

14 CDP (2010), Strengthening International Support Measures for LDCs, CDP Policy Note, United Nations publication, Sales No. E.10.II.A.14.

15 Patrick Guillaumont (2009). An Economic Vulnerability Index: Its Design and Use for International Development Policy, Oxford Development Studies, Vol. 37, No. 3, September, pp.193-228; Patrick Guillaumont (2011). Making Development Financing in LDCs More Conducive to Development. FERDI Working Paper Series. May.

16 See http://www.un.org/en/ecosoc/newfunct/pdf/2010_dcf_president_long_summary.pdf.

17 It is important to note that concessional finance by the World Bank and the IMF is not ofered on the basis of LDC status.

18 DAC recommendation on untying oficial development assistance to the least developed countries is available at http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/14/56/1885476.pdf

19 United Nations (2011), “Survey on LDC-specific International Support Measures related to Bi-lateral Oficial Development Assistance (ODA) Responses by Donor Countries,” available at http://webapps01.un.org/ldcportal/c/ document_library/get_file?uuid=2cf25aca-a16f-452e-b5ce-ebeea6906a66&groupId=10136

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