publication . Article . 2006

Does Inequality Matter for Poverty Reduction? Evidence from Pakistan’s Poverty Trends

Haroon Jamal;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Jan 2006 Journal: The Pakistan Development Review, volume 45, issue 3, pages 439-459
The paper explores the linkages between poverty, growth and inequality in the context of Pakistan. Time series macro data are used for the period 1979 to 2002. Consistent poverty and inequality measures are interpolated to facilitate the estimation of poverty elasticity with respect to growth and inequality in a multivariate regression framework. The paper also attempts to find out macroeconomic and structural correlates of inequality. The empirical findings—high poverty elasticity with respect to inequality measures—confirm the importance of inequality in poverty reducing effort. Inflation, sectoral wage gap, and terms of trade in favour of manufacturing exacer...
free text keywords: Pakistan, Poverty Trend, Income Distribution, Poverty Elasticity with respect to Growth and Inequality, jel:D31, jel:D63, jel:I32

Adams, R. H. Jr. (2004) Economic Growth, Inequality and poverty: Estimating the Growth Elasticity of Poverty. World Development 32:12, 1989-2014, December.

Akhtar, Sajjad, and Mansoor Ahmed (1999) Modelling Poverty Trends in Pakistan: Some additional Empirical Evidence. Social Policy and Development Centre, Karachi. (Social Policy and Development Centre Research Report Number 27.)

Amjad, Rashid, and Abdul Razzaq Kemal (1997) Macroeconomic Policies and their Impact on Poverty Alleviation in Pakistan. The Pakistan Development Review 36:1, 39-68. [OpenAIRE]

Birdsall, Nancy, David Ross, and Richard Sabot R. (1995) Inequality and Growth Reconsidered: Lessons from East Asia. World Bank Economic Review 9:3, 477-508.

Deininger, Klaus, and Lyn Squire (1996) A New Data Set Measuring Income Inequality. World Bank Economic Review 10:3, 565-91.

Deininger, Klaus, and Lyn Squire (1998) New Ways of Looking at Old Issues: Inequality and Growth. Journal of Development Economics 57:2, 259-287. [OpenAIRE]

Kakwani, Nanak (1993) Poverty and Economic Growth with an Application to Cote d'Ivoire. Review of Income and Wealth 39:2, 121-139. [OpenAIRE]

Kanbur, Ravi, and Lustig Nora (1999) Why is Inequality Back on the Agenda? Paper prepared for the Annual Bank Conference on Development Economics, World Bank, Washington, D.C. [OpenAIRE]

Knowles, Stephen (2001) Inequality and Economic Growth: The Empirical Relationship Reconsidered in the Light of Comparable Data. Paper for UNU/Wider Development Conference on Growth and Poverty, WIDER, Helsinki.

Kuznets, Simon (1955) Economic Growth and Income Inequality. American Economic Review 45, 1-28.

Malik, Muhammad Hussain (1988) Some New Evidence on the Incidence of Poverty in Pakistan. The Pakistan Development Review 27:4, 509-16. [OpenAIRE]

Naschold, Felix (2002) Why Inequality Matters for Poverty? UK Department for International Development (DFID), UK. (Briefing Paper No. 2.)

Ravallion, Martin (1997) Can High Inequality Developing Countries Escape Absolute Poverty? World Bank, Washington, D.C. (World Bank Working Paper No. 1775.)

Ravallion, Martin (2001) Growth, Inequality and Poverty: Looking Beyond Averages. World Development 29:11, 1803-1815. [OpenAIRE]

White, Howard, and Edward Anderson (2001) Growth versus Distribution: Does the Pattern of Growth Matter? Development Policy Review 19:3, 267-289.

Powered by OpenAIRE Research Graph
Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue