publication . Preprint . Research . 2013

The environmental impact of civil conflict The deforestation effect of paramilitary expansion in Colombia

Juan F. Vargas;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Dec 2013
Abstract
Despite a growing body of literature on how environmental degradation can fuel civil war, the reverse effect, namely that of conflict on environmental outcomes, is relatively understudied. From a theoretical point of view, this effect is ambiguous, with some forces pointing to pressures for environmental degradation and some pointing in the opposite direction. Hence, the overall effect of conflict on the environment is an empirical question. We study this relationship in the case of Colombia. We combine a detailed satellite-based longitudinal dataset on forest cover across municipalities over the period 1990-2010 with a comprehensive panel of conflict-related vi...
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