Heat-conserving postures hinder escape: a thermoregulation–predation trade-off in wintering birds

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Jennie M. Carr; Steven L. Lima;

Wintering birds may conserve body heat by adopting postures with minimal leg exposure or significant ptiloerection. However, maximally heat-conserving postures may hinder a bird's ability to escape attack, leading to a trade-off between predation risk and thermoregulati... View more
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