publication . Article . 2013


Open Access
  • Published: 01 Jan 2013
While hierarchical structures have many advantages for the effective running of organizations, they also pose major drawbacks both for organizations and for individuals lower in a hierarchy. Research in kibbutz industry and in its social organizations shows that kibbutzim are not much different from other organizations because within kibbutzim hierarchical structures are common, differentials in power and control are correlated with hierarchical position, differential rewards are correlated with position, and health symptoms and indicators for well being are correlated with hierarchical position. Yet kibbutzim managed to solve the paradox of having organizations...
free text keywords: Kibbutz; hierarchy; ill effects of hierarchy; managerial rotation; direct democracy
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